Are you having trouble with your belly?
Do you feel sharp belly aches, severe bloating, and excessive gas?
Stomach pain or abdominal pain that comes from between your ribs and pelvis which originates from another organ in your abdomen or from somewhere else.
Your abdomen is a habitat for your:
- Small intestine
- Large intestine
All of these are digestive system organs, however, discomfort can also occur in your abdominal wall, which is the skin and muscles that surround your belly.
It is challenging to know what is causing the stomach ache with many moving parts in your stomach ranging from your intestines to your esophagus which could pose a problem for both prevention and treatment.
However, if you can identify the source of the issue, you can lessen the real suffering.
While it’s simple to believe when your stomach hurts that you have a major health issue, most cases of random stomach discomfort are attributed to one of a few extremely frequent reasons.
Your stomach pain can occasionally be brought on by something you ate, but it can also be caused by something less evident, like stress.
In this article, we will talk about the 8 frequent causes of stomach pain.
What are the types of abdominal pain?
The causes and symptoms associated with abdominal discomfort vary widely where it feels like:
- Generalized pain is when you experience discomfort over more than half of your abdomen. This kind of pain is more common with a stomach infection, indigestion, or gas. Obstruction of the intestines could be the source of the discomfort if it worsens.
- Localized discomfort is pain that just affects one part of your tummy. An issue with an organ, such as the appendix, gallbladder, or stomach, is more likely to be the cause.
- Cramp-like discomfort is pain that is not too severe. It is caused by gas and bloating, and diarrhea frequently follows. Pain occurs more frequently, for more than 24 hours, or in conjunction with a fever are more concerning symptoms.
- Colicky pain occurs in waves. It usually starts abruptly, stops abruptly, and is frequently severe. Gallstones and kidney stones can frequently cause this kind of abdominal discomfort.
What are the causes of stomach pain?
There are numerous causes of stomach discomfort.
It’s not always necessary to call a doctor until your symptoms worsen.
Knowing when to seek immediate medical attention is the key.
You can occasionally have abdominal discomfort from a condition that isn’t related to your stomach, such as a heart attack, menstrual cramps, or pneumonia.
Below are some less severe but frequent reasons for stomach pain:
1. Food poisoning
The lining of your stomach and intestines might become irritated by toxins produced by dangerous organisms in situations of food poisoning.
This may lead to unpleasant stomach irritation, which might make your abdomen hurt.
Cramp aches are also a symptom of food poisoning which is when your abdominal muscles tighten to hasten the bowel’s regular motions in order to eliminate the dangerous organisms as fast as possible.
2. Stomach flu or Gastroenteritis
You most likely have vomiting and diarrhea that is watery when you have gastroenteritis.
Additionally, you can have nausea, fever, cramps, stomach discomfort, and a headache.
You run the risk of dehydration when you have diarrhea and vomiting.
Be on the lookout for symptoms of dehydration that includes a dry mouth and skin, feeling lightheaded, and extreme thirst.
If any of these symptoms exist for you, contact your doctor.
Your small intestine and colon get compressed when you are constipated.
This could cause your stomach ache if you haven’t defecated in a long time.
A fiber supplement, the extra fiber in your diet, lots of drinks, and exercise are all things to try.
Taking a stool softener should help you feel better and get things going again if that doesn’t work.
4. Irritable Bowel Syndrome
There is a connection between your brain and your gut; stress can produce unpleasant gut spasms.
It’s true that it’s easier said than done, but taking some time to relax and working out should help your stomach settle.
Stomach pain or cramps, which are typically greater after eating and better after going to the bathroom, are the hallmark symptoms of IBS.
Bloating can make your stomach feel uncomfortable, full, and bulging.
5. Food allergies or Intolerance such as Lactose Intolerance
Food allergies can unfortunately strike at any time and lead to uncomfortable stomach spasms.
Call your doctor to get checked if you discover that specific meals cause you to have a stomach ache.
Dairy, seafood, and carbohydrates are the three most typical dietary allergens.
6. Acid reflux
Acid reflux is caused by a leaky valve that separates your stomach from your esophagus.
Your chest and stomach will both feel burning if it is exposed because stomach acid spills into that area.
Limit spicy meals, coffee, chocolate, and alcohol if you believe acid reflux is causing you pain and you can also go for over-the-counter antacids to further ease the discomfort.
7. Muscle strain
Your chance of developing a hernia could rise if your abdominal muscles are strained.
Both a torn stomach muscle and a hernia can result in abdominal pain.
Hernias result in a lump or protrusion that will hurt or burn at the hernia site.
In addition to these issues, a hernia can also result in nausea and vomiting.
You can get diarrhea for a lot of reasons, but gastroenteritis is the most typical one.
This results in painful colon and small intestine spasms.
It’s essential to stay hydrated for your overall health.
Take an Imodium AD if your stomach pain and diarrhea won’t go away.
That ought to put an end to the spasms and alleviate your stomach’s discomfort.
What can you do to treat your abdomen ache?
The home remedies listed below can help you manage minor stomach pain:
- Drink water or other clear liquids. You’re allowed to consume sports drinks in moderation. If you have diabetes then you often need to check your blood sugar and modify your medication as necessary.
- Stay away from solid meals for the first several hours.
- Antacids will be helpful if your abdominal discomfort is located high up and comes on after eating, especially if you experience heartburn or indigestion. Avoid tomato products, citrus, fried or greasy foods, high-fat foods, alcohol, caffeine, and carbonated drinks.
- Wait six hours if you have been vomiting before consuming modest amounts of bland meals like rice, applesauce, or crackers, and avoid dairy products.
Call your doctor if you experience diarrhea for more than five days, stomach ache that lasts a week or more, pain that doesn’t go away in 24 to 48 hours, bloating that lasts longer than two days or any combination of these symptoms.
How can you prevent abdominal pain?
Not all types of stomach discomfort can be avoided but by eating a nutritious diet that is well-balanced and high in fiber, and by drinking enough water, you can reduce your chance of experiencing stomach pain.
Frequent exercise and having smaller meals regularly will help reduce stomach pain.
If you have an intestinal problem, such as Crohn’s disease, to reduce discomfort, follow the diet your doctor recommended.
Do not eat two hours before going to bed if you have GERD.
Too soon after eating, lying down could result in heartburn and discomfort in the abdomen.
Try to avoid lying down for at least two hours after eating.
When should you contact a doctor?
If any of the following apply when you have stomach pain, get immediate medical attention or dial your local emergency number:
- Nausea and soreness in the area between your shoulder blades
- Breathing difficulty
- Presence of an abdominal injury
- Undergoing cancer treatment
- Unable to pass stool especially if you are vomiting
- Blood in your stool or vomit
- Discomfort in your shoulder, chest, or neck
- Severe and abrupt stomach ache
- Belly is rigid and hard to touch
- Frequent urination or a burning feeling when you urinate
- More than five days of diarrhea
- Fever with discomfort that is over 100°F (37.7°C) in adults or 100.4°F (38°C) in children
- Prolonged appetite and weight loss
Abdominal discomfort is ultimately a personal ailment that only you can define.
It is what you say it is since your healthcare practitioner is unable to measure it.
Your stomach pain will always be taken seriously by your doctor.
It’s crucial that you avoid making assumptions when you have stomach discomfort because it’s frequently not a significant problem.
There are many more causes of stomach aches, so make sure to call your doctor if your acute stomach pain is severe so you can determine the cause and start the right course of therapy.